Citizenship Moldova

Business Liga SRL has been providing a high-quality service for acquiring and restoring citizenship of the Republic of Moldova for 20 years: business immigration, family reunification, return of lost citizenship, return of citizenship after renunciation, residence permit in the Republic of Moldova and other cases related to citizenship.

ACQUISITION OF CITIZENSHIP OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Article 10. Grounds for acquiring citizenship

(1) Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova is acquired:

a) by birth;

b) due to recognition;

c) due to adoption;

d) by restoration of citizenship;

e) by way of naturalization.

(2) Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova may also be acquired on the grounds provided for by international treaties to which the Republic of Moldova is a party.

Article 11 Acquisition of citizenship by birth

(1) A child is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova:

a) whose both parents or one of them is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova at the time of birth;

b) born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova of parents who are stateless or internationally protected persons;

c) born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova from parents who are citizens of other states, or one of whom is a stateless person or a person under international protection, and the other is a foreign citizen, provided that at the time of birth at least one of the parents has the right for residence or enjoys international protection provided by the competent authorities of the Republic of Moldova, or is recognized by the competent authorities of the Republic of Moldova as a stateless person.

(2) A child found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova shall be recognized as a citizen of the Republic of Moldova until it is proven otherwise before reaching the age of 18.

(3) The nationality of a child under subsection (1) c) is determined by mutual consent of the parents. If the parents do not come to an agreement, the issue of the child's belonging to the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova is decided by the court based on his interests. In this case, if the child is 14 years old, his notarized consent is required.

Article 12. Acquisition of citizenship by recognition

(1) Persons who acquired and retained the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova in accordance with the previous legislation, as well as persons who acquired citizenship in accordance with this law, are recognized as citizens of the Republic of Moldova.

(11) Persons born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova, over the age of 18, who are not registered with the competent authority as citizens of the Republic of Moldova and do not possess a document confirming citizenship, are recognized as citizens of the Republic of Moldova, while the date of acquisition of citizenship is the date of consent expressed in writing. If a person does not agree with such a date of acquisition of citizenship, at his request, the competent authority determines the date of acquisition of citizenship by him on the basis of documents confirming that he met or complies with the conditions provided for by the current or previous legislation on citizenship, on the basis of which he was declared a citizen of the Republic of Moldova .

(2) Persons who have expressed a desire to become citizens of the Republic of Moldova are recognized as citizens of the Republic of Moldova, namely:

a) persons born abroad, having at least one of the parents, grandparents or great-grandparents born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova;

b) persons who until June 28, 1940 lived in the territory of Bessarabia, the north of Bukovina, the Hertsa district and the MASSR, as well as their descendants

c) persons who were expelled or left the territory of the Republic of Moldova starting from June 28, 1940, as well as their descendants.

d) persons who until June 23, 1990 legally and permanently resided on the territory of the Republic of Moldova and continue to reside at the present time.

(3) The persons referred to in paragraph (2) of this article cannot be recognized as citizens of the Republic of Moldova if, in the process of recognition, they present false information or hide certain essential facts, the knowledge of which would lead to the rejection of the application, and / or fall under the effect of points a)-e) of paragraph (1) of Article 20.

Article 16. Restoration of citizenship

(1) A person who was previously a citizen of the Republic of Moldova may, at his request, have this citizenship restored, retaining, at his request, a foreign citizenship, except for the cases provided for in paragraphs a)-d) of Article 20.

(2) A person who has been deprived of the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova in accordance with paragraph c) of Article 23 cannot be restored. In other cases, provided for in Article 23, citizenship can be restored only on condition of naturalization, but not earlier than after 5 years of legal and permanent residence on the territory of the Republic of Moldova from the date of deprivation of citizenship.

Article 17. Conditions for naturalization

(1) Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova may be granted on the basis of an application to a foreigner or stateless person legally and permanently residing in the territory of the Republic of Moldova, who knows and observes the provisions of the Constitution, has passed the test to determine the level of proficiency in the state language and has legal sources of income, subject to one of the following conditions:

a) resides on the territory of the Republic of Moldova for at least the last 10 years. For stateless persons, refugees and beneficiaries of humanitarian protection and political asylum, the relevant period is 8 years;

b) resides on the territory of the Republic of Moldova for 5 years until he reaches the age of 18;

c) has been married to a citizen of the Republic of Moldova for at least 3 years and has continuously resided on the territory of the Republic of Moldova for the last 3 years;

d) has been living on the territory of the Republic of Moldova for the last 3 years with parents (including adopted ones) or children (including adopted children) who are citizens of the Republic of Moldova.

(2) The procedure for determining the levels of knowledge of the provisions of the Constitution and proficiency in the state language of persons applying for citizenship of the Republic of Moldova is established by the Government.

(3) The period of legal and permanent stay of a foreigner on the territory of the Republic of Moldova is calculated from the date of granting him the right to stay on the territory of the country by the competent authorities of the Republic of Moldova. The date of issuance by the competent authorities of the document confirming the right of stay of a foreigner on the territory of the Republic of Moldova is considered the date of authorization of the stay and is confirmed by official documents issued by the competent authorities of the Republic of Moldova or data from the State Population Register.

(4) The stay of a foreigner on the territory of the Republic of Moldova is considered legal and permanent if, after authorization of the stay:

a) the foreigner has not emigrated from the Republic of Moldova;

b) in relation to the foreigner, the right to stay has not been canceled or cancelled, the status of a stateless person has not been canceled or terminated, or the status of a refugee has not been terminated or he has not been deprived of this status;

c) the extension of the right of residence was carried out consistently.

(5) In the case of a foreigner who, during the legal stay on the territory of the Republic of Moldova, changed his legal status, when calculating the period of stay, the period of stay in accordance with the previous status is taken into account, if this period is continuous.

Article 19. Citizenship of children whose parents acquire citizenship of the Republic of Moldova

(1) A child born of foreign citizens or stateless persons who acquire citizenship of the Republic of Moldova acquires citizenship at the same time as their parents.

(2) If only one of the parents acquires the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova, the issue of the citizenship of the child is decided by the parents by mutual agreement. If the parents cannot reach an agreement, the court decides whether the child belongs to the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova based on his interests, but only if there is a statement from the parents on this issue. If the child has not acquired the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova together with one of the parents, he has the right to acquire it later, before he reaches the age of 18, on the same basis as his parent.

(3) If the child is 14 years old, in the cases provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2), his notarized consent is required.

Article 20. Grounds for refusal to grant citizenship or to restore citizenship

(1) Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova is not granted or restored to persons:

a) who have committed crimes international, military or against humanity;

b) involved in terrorist activities;

c) executing or obliged to execute, on the basis of a judgment of the court during the period of consideration of the application, a criminal penalty in the form of deprivation of liberty, having an outstanding conviction or being under criminal prosecution;

d) carrying out activities aimed at undermining state security, public order, health and morals of the population;

f) does not fully comply with the conditions for acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Moldova, established by this law.

​f) presenting false information or concealing certain material facts in the process of granting citizenship or restoring citizenship.